Botox, known as botulinum toxin A, is a drug which is used in small doses. It is a dangerous drug, but by purifying the drug in small doses it is discovered to be safe. Botox injections treat certain health problems such as migraines, arthritis pain, hyperhidrosis, or excessive sweat, and jaw disorder. Though, now it is mostly used for cosmetic treatment and is popular among the celebrities. Generally, Botox injections block the nerve signal of the affected muscles thus relaxing the muscles and reducing its activity. In turn, it decreases the activity on the skin preventing any wrinkles on the skin.
History of Botox
Botox was first used in the early 1970s by experimenting on monkeys but later in 1980 it was used on humans to treat eye disorders. The FDA approved the Botox A substance to be used as a treatment for malfunctions of eye muscles which include twitching of eye, squinting and much more. In 2002, it was approved to be used for cosmetic treatment when it was discovered that injecting Botox allows skin muscle to relax and cause fewer wrinkles. By 2006, it was known as the most popular cosmetic treatment around the world, especially in the United States.
Causes of TMJ and Jaw disorder
Temporomandibular joint and muscle disorders, or TMJ, are a set of disorders which cause discomfort and dysfunction in the joint and the muscles of the jaw which control the jaw movement. The temporomandibular joint is located on the both sides of the head which connects the jaw bone to the skull. The joints are flexible and the jaw moves up and down enabling a person to talk, swallow, yawn and other everyday activities. TMJ disorders might not pose as life- threatening, but it should be taken lightly. Even though it is not known what causes the disorder, but the condition seem to be more common in women that in men. Some of the symptoms of TMJ are stiffness of jaw muscle, popping of jaw joint, causing pain in jaw or neck and locking of the jaw. Due to this, a person suffers from headaches, neck pain, and facial pains. There are many ways to treat this condition and recently, Botox has been approved by the FDA for as a treatment for TMJ disorder. Botox can provide pain relief from TMJ disorders and jaw pain.
Botox Treatment for TMJ Disorder
Injecting Botox into the chewing muscles causes a partial paralysis of the muscles which cause normal stress on the joint of the jaw. It reduces the ability of the facial muscles to engage in grinding and enables the person to perform daily activities such as chewing, swallowing and talking. In addition to that, Botox can also prevent grinding of teeth which damage the gums and causes worn teeth. The procedure takes about 10 -30 minutes depending on the number of injections needed to be injected. After about 2 -3 days of the treatment, the patient may notice the diminishing of wrinkles. Botox is a safe treatment for TMJ disorder but the before injecting Botox, the patient needs to disclose of any disease or any medication they use because in there are some cases where the patients undergo bruising or bleeding in the areas where they have been injected and certain complications arise. Though there are some risks and side- effects and some of the most common side- effect of Botox injection are headaches, nausea, and respiratory infection. There may also be mild bruising in the injected area. Botox treatment should be avoided during pregnancy and lactation.
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